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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 60(1); 2023 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2023;60(1): 113-126.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-022-00249-2
Cr-doped BiYO3 photocatalyst for degradation of oxytetracycline under visible light irradiation
Diana L. Hernández-Arellano1, Juan C. Durán-Álvarez2, Silvana Cortés-Lagunes2, Rodolfo Zanella2, Tania E. Soto1, Rigoberto López-Juárez1
1Unidad Morelia del Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales , Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México , Antigua Carretera a Pátzcuaro No. 8701, Col. Ex Hacienda de San José de la Huerta, C.P. 58190, Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico
2Instituto de Ciencias Aplicadas y Tecnología , Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior S/N, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
Correspondence  Diana L. Hernández-Arellano ,Email: diana_lha@outlook.es
Rigoberto López-Juárez ,Email: rlopez@iim.unam.mx
Received: May 7, 2022; Revised: August 23, 2022   Accepted: September 12, 2022.  Published online: September 26, 2022.
Chromium-doped BiYO3 powders were synthesized by the Pechini method at low temperature between 400 and 800 °C for 1 h. From the XRD results it was observed the coexistence between tetragonal and cubic phases for samples calcined at 400 °C for 1 h. Meanwhile, for samples calcined at 600 and 800 °C, a single cubic phase was observed. The powders consisted of agglomerates of nanocrystals as shown in the SEM and TEM images. The specific surface area was in the order of 3.01–7.74 m2 g−1, obtained from BET analysis. The band gap of BiYO3 and Cr-doped BiYO3 was < 2.21 eV which corroborates that these materials absorb light in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The photocatalytic decomposition of oxytetracycline was successfully achieved using Cr-doped BiYO3, where the best performance was obtained with BiY0.98Cr0.02O3 ceramic powders calcined at 800 °C for 1 h. For this composition the removal of oxytetracycline after 240 min of visible light irradiation was 100% of degradation and 75% of mineralization. The photocatalytic process was driven by the photoholes, as a negligible production of · OH radicals was observed in tests using scavengers. The photocatalytic activity of the BiY0.995Cr0.005O3 and BiY0.98Cr0.02O3 materials was corroborated under more realistic conditions, using tap water and trace concentration of the antibiotic. The high stability of the photocatalyst was observed through four consecutive reaction cycles. The results demonstrate that the Cr-doping has clearly improved the catalytic performance of BiYO3 for degradation of oxytetracycline under visible light irradiation.
Key words: Pechini method · X-ray diffraction · Photocatalysis · Oxytetracycline degradation · Cr-doped BiYO3
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