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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 59(4); 2022 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2022;59(4): 465-472.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-022-00204-1
Effect of heat treatment on the wear behavior of WC‑Ni‑Cr and WC‑Ni‑Cr+ Cr3C2 coatings fabricated by high‑velocity oxy‑fuel method
Se Young Hong1,2, Sahn Nahm2, Yoon Suk Oh1
1Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology, Engineering Ceramic Center, Icheon, Republic of Korea
2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Se Young Hong ,Email: sy9604nc@kicet.re.kr
Sahn Nahm ,Email: snahm@korea.ac.kr
Yoon Suk Oh ,Email: ysoh30@kicet.re.kr
Received: August 22, 2021; Revised: January 26, 2022   Accepted: February 12, 2022.  Published online: July 31, 2022.
In this study, a tungsten carbide (WC)-Ni-Cr composite and a coating composition of Cr3C2 in WC-Ni-Cr were selected and fabricated using a high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) method, to explore their applicability as wear-resistant coatings on cast iron substrates used in automotive brakes. Furthermore, to investigate the efect of post-annealing on the wear performance of the coatings, the coated samples were heat-treated at 500 and 850 °C. The microstructure, phase formation behavior, composition, and wear rate of the coated samples and post-annealed coatings were analyzed. Furthermore, the wear characteristics of the coatings were analyzed using a ball-on-disk method with a Si3N4 ball. By comparing the wear and friction characteristics of each coating, before and after heat treatment, the wear resistance performance of the coating could be related to the surface oxidation caused by heat treatment. In summary, the oxidation and phase change caused by the heat treatment reduced the wear resistance; however, if appropriate heat treatment conditions are satisfed, the frictional force required for automotive braking can be increased. Furthermore, the WC-Ni-Cr+ Cr3C2 coating, where Cr3C2 was added to WC-Ni-Cr, exhibited an improved wear resistance compared to the coating with only WC-Ni-Cr. This was predicted to be an enhancement efect produced by the addition of Cr3C2.
Key words: High-velocity oxy-fuel · WC-Ni-Cr composite · WC-Ni-Cr+ Cr3C2 coating · Wear · Heat treatment
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