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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 58(3); 2021 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2021;58(3): 249-268.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-021-00108-6
Growth and piezoelectric properties of amorphous and crystalline (K1−xNax)NbO3− based thin films
Jong-Un Woo1, Sun-Woo Kim2, Dae-Su Kim2, In-Su Kim2, Ho-Sung Shin2, Sahn Nahm1,2
1KU-KIST Graduate School of Converging Science and Technology, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Republic of Korea
2Department of Material Science and Engineering, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Sahn Nahm ,Email: snahm@korea.ac.kr
Received: November 4, 2020; Revised: November 28, 2020   Accepted: January 21, 2021.  Published online: May 31, 2021.
(K1−xNax)NbO3 (KNN)-based piezoelectric thin films have been extensively studied for application in micro-electromechanical systems. However, growing homogenous crystalline (K1−xNax)NbO3 (CKNN) films with good piezoelectric properties is difficult because Na2O and K2O evaporate during the growth process at high temperatures. Recently, amorphous (K1−xNax)NbO3 (AKNN) films containing KNN nanocrystals with good piezoelectric properties have been fabricated at low temperatures. Furthermore, [001]-oriented crystalline (K1−xNax)NbO3 (OCKNN) films with excellent piezoelectric properties have been grown at low temperatures (≤ 350 °C) using a metal-oxide nanosheet seed layer. This novel method is excellent for the growth of homogeneous KNN thin films. These films were deposited on a polymer substrate; thus, they can be utilized in future flexible electronic devices. In this study, the structural and piezoelectric properties of AKNN- and CKNN-based films fabricated at high temperatures, along with the growth process and application of OCKNN-based thin films at low temperatures, are reviewed.
Key words: K0.5Na0.5NbO3 · Thin fi lms · Ferroelectrics · Piezoelectrics · Lead-free materials
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