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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 57(3); 2020 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2020;57(3): 290-295.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-020-00039-8
Effect of sintering temperature on the electrical properties of pristine BF‑35BT piezoelectric ceramics
Salman Ali Khan1, Tauseef Ahmed1, Fazli Akram1, Jihee Bae1, Soo Yong Choi1, Tran Thi Thanh1, Mingyu Kim1, Tae Kwon Song1, Yeon Soo Sung2, Myong‑Ho Kim1, Soonil Lee1
1School of Materials Science and Engineering, Changwon National University, Changwon, Gyeongnam 51140, Republic of Korea
2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Myong‑Ho Kim ,Email: mhkim@changwon.ac.kr
Soonil Lee ,Email: leesoonil@changwon.ac.kr
Received: January 30, 2020; Revised: March 2, 2020   Accepted: March 17, 2020.  Published online: March 31, 2020.
In this study, 0.65Bi1.05FeO3–0.35BaTiO3 (BF-35BT) lead-free piezoelectric ceramics were prepared using a conventional solid-state method to determine the effects of sintering temperature on their microstructures and electrical properties. The average grain size increased with sintering temperature, but not significantly, and the relative density of the ceramics increased and then decreased at high sintering temperatures due to the volatilization of Bi2O3. At the optimal sintering temperature (1030 °C), BF-35BT ceramics showed minimum coercive field (Ec) with enhanced remanent polarization (Pr) and consequently resulted in a high converse piezoelectric coefficient (d* 33) value of 305 pm/V. The results indicate that the optimum sintering temperature, maximum relative density, and appropriate grain size, which are significantly related to the domain size and configuration, as well as the minimum concentration of associated charged defects, are critical factors that influence the piezoelectric performance of BF-35BT ceramics.
Key words: BF-BT · Piezoelectric · Sintering · Microstructure · Ferroelectric · Electrical properties
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