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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 48(2); 2011 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2011;48(2): 152.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2011.48.2.152
치과 임플란트용 지르코니아-알루미나 복합체의 생 가공 및 경 가공 특성
임형봉, 당동욱, 이기주, 조원승
인하대학교 신소재공학부
Green and Hard Machining Characteristics of Zirconia-alumina Composites for Dental Implant
Hyung-Bong Lim, Dongxu Tang, Ki-Ju Lee, Won-Seung Cho
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Inha University
ABSTRACT
The green and hard machining characteristics of dental ceramics are of great interest to dental industry. The green bodies of TZP/$Al_2O_3$ composites were prepared by the cold isostatic pressing, and machined on the CNC lathe using PCD (polycrystalline diamond) insert under various machining conditions. With increasing nose radius of PCD insert, surface roughness initially increased due to increased cutting resistance, but decreased by the onset of sliding fracture. The lowest surface roughness was obtained at spindle speed of 1,300 rpm and lowest feed rate. Hard bodies were prepared by pressureless sintering the machined green bodies at several temperatures. The grinding test for sintered hard body was conducted using electroplated diamond bur with different grit sizes. During grinding, grain pull out in the composite was occurred due to thermal expansion mismatch between the alumina and zirconia. The strength of the composite decreased with alumina contents, due to increased surface roughness and high monoclinic phase transformed during grinding process. The final polished samples represented high strength by the elimination of a phase transformation layer.
Key words: Zirconia-alumina composite, Green machining, Hard machining, Machinability, Strength
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