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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 46(3); 2009 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2009;46(3): 225.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2009.46.3.225
Nanostructured Bulk Ceramics (Part I)
Young-Hwan Han, Amiya K. Mukherjee1
National Core Research Center for Hybrid Materials Solution, Pusan National University
1Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of California at Davis
The processing and characterization of ceramic nanocomposites, which produce bulk nanostructures with attractive mechanical properties, have been emphasized and introduced at Prof. Mukherjee's Lab at UC Davis. The following subjects will be introduced in detail in Part II, III, and IV. In Part II, the paper will describe a three-phase alumina-based nanoceramic composite demonstrating superplasticity at a surprisingly lower temperature and higher strain rate. The next part will show that an alumina-carbon nanotube-niobium nanocomposite produced fracture toughness values that are three times higher than that of pure nanocrystalline alumina. It was possible to take advantage of both fiber-toughening and ductile-metal toughening in this investigation. In the fourth section, discussed will be a silicon-nitride/silicon-carbide nanocomposite, produced by pyrolysis of liquid polymer precursors, demonstrating one of the lowest creep rates reported so far in ceramics at the comparable temperature of $1400^{circ}C$. This was first achieved by avoiding the oxynitride glass phase at the intergrain boundaries. One important factor in the processing of these nanocomposites was the use of the electrical field assisted sintering method. This allowed the sintering to be completed at significantly lower temperatures and during much shorter times. These improvements in mechanical properties will be discussed in the context of the results from the microstructural investigations.
Key words: Alumina-based nanoceramic, Superplasticity, Fracture toughness, SPS
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