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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 44(7); 2007 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2007;44(7): 343.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2007.44.7.343
Fabrication and Characterization of Alumina/Silver Nanocomposites
Seung-Ho Cheon, In-Sub Han1, Sang-Kuk Woo1
The Research Institute of Daiyang Ind. Co.
1Energy Materials Research Center, Korea Institute of Energy Research
Alumina/silver nanocomposites were fabricated using a soaking method through a sol-gel route to construct an intra-type nanostructure. The pulse electric-current sintering (PECS) technique was used to sinter the nanocomposites. Several specimens were annealed after sintering. The microstructure, mechanical properties, critical frontal process zone (FPZ) size, and thermo-mechanical properties of the nanocomposites were estimated. The relative densities of the specimens sintered at 1350 and $1450^{circ}C$ were 95% and 99%, respectively. The maximum value of the three-point bending strength was found to be 780 MPa for the $2{times}2{times}10 mm$ specimen sintered at $1350^{circ}C$. The fracture toughness of the specimen sintered at $1350^{circ}C$ was measured to be $3.60 MPa{cdot}m^{1/2}$ using the single-edge V-notched beam (SEVNB) technique. The fracture mode of the nanocomposites was transgranular, in contrast to the intergranular mode of monolithic alumina. The fracture morphology suggested that dislocations were generated around the silver nanoparticles dispersed within the alumina matrix. The specimens sintered at $1350^{circ}C$ were annealed at $800^{circ}C$ for 5 min, following which the maximum fracture strength became 810 MPa and the fracture toughness improved to $4.21 MPam^{1/2}$. The critical FPZ size was the largest for the specimen annealed at $800^{circ}C$ for 5 min. Thermal conductivity of the alumina/silver nanocomposites sintered at $1350^{circ}C$ was 38 W/mK at room temperature, which was higher than the value obtained with the law of mixture.
Key words: Nanocomposite, Soaking method, Pulse Electric Current Sintering (PECS), Frontal Process Zone (FPZ) size, Single-edged V-Notch Beam (SEVNB)
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