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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 43(8); 2006 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2006;43(8): 463.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2006.43.8.463
Hydrothermal Coating of Hydroxyapatite on ZrO2 Ceramics
Jung-Soo Ha
School of Advanced Materials Engineering, Andong National University
Hydrothermal deposition of hydroxyapatite coatings on two types of $ZrO_2$ substrates (3 mol% $Y_2O_3$-doped and 13 mol% $CeO_2$-doped tetragonal $ZrO_2s$) was studied using aqueous solutions of $Ca(NO_3)_2;4H_2O$ and $(NH_4)_2HPO_4$ containing EDTA (ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid) disodium salt as a chelating agent for $Ca^{2+}$ ions. For the precipitation of the coatings, the $EDTA-Ca^{2+}$ chelates were decomposed by oxidation with $H_2O_2$ at $90^{circ}C$. The deposition behavior, morphology, and orientation of the coatings were investigated while varying the solution pH using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry. For the two sub-strates, sparse deposition of the coating was obtained at pH 5.5, whereas a uniform deposition was obtained at pH 7.1, 9.8, and 11.4 with a denser microstructure for the higher pH. The coating consisted of thin needle-like or plate-like crystals ($1-2{mu}m$ length or diameter) at pH 7.1, but fine rod-like crystals ($1-2{mu}m$ length, $0.1{mu}m$ diameter) at pH 9.8 and 11.4. The coatings were $1-3{mu}m$ thick and showed a preferred orientation of the hydroxyapatite crystals with their c axis (i.e., the elongated direction) perpendicular to the substrate surface especially for pH 9.8 and 11.4.
Key words: Hydrothermal deposition, Hydroxyapatite coatings, $ZrO_2$ substrates, Oxidative decomposition, Preferred orientation
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