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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 40(11); 2003 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2003;40(11): 1047.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2003.40.11.1047
Scanning Nonlinear Dielectric Microscopy : Overview -A High Resolution Tool for Observing Ferroelectric Domains and Nano-domain Engineering-
Yasuo Cho
Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University
ABSTRACT
A sub-nanometer resolution Scanning Nonlinear Dielectric Microscope (SNDM) was developed for observing ferroelectric polarization. We also demonstrate that the resolution of SNDM is higher than that of a conventional piezo-response imaging. Secondly, we report new SNDM technique detecting higher nonlinear dielectric constants $varepsilon$$_$3333/ and $varepsilon$$_$33333/. Higher order nonlinear dielectric imaging provides higher lateral and depth resolution. Finally, the formation of artificial small inverted domain is reported to demonstrate that SNDM system is very useful as a nano-domain engineering tool. The nano-size domain dots were successfully formed in LiTaO$_3$ single crystal. This means that we can obtain a very high density ferroelectric data storage with the density above 1T-bits/inch$^2$.
Key words: Scanning nonlinear dielectric microscope, Ferroelectri polarization
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