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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 40(6); 2003 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2003;40(6): 507.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2003.40.6.507
Synthesis of Cathode Materials LiNi1-yCoyO2 from Various Starting Materials and their Electrochemical Properties
Myoung-Youp Song, Ho Rim, Eui-Yong Bang, Seong-Gu Kang1, Soon-Ho Chang1
Engineering Research Institute, Chonbuk National University
1Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
ABSTRACT
The LiN $i_{l-y}$ $Co_{y}$ $O_2$ samples were synthesized at 80$0^{circ}C$ and 85$0^{circ}C$, by the solid-state reaction method, from the various starting materials LiOH, L $i_2$C $O_3$, NiO, NiC $O_3$, $Co_3$ $O_4$, CoC $O_3$, and their electrochemical properties are investigated. The LiN $i_{l-y}$ $Co_{y}$ $O_2$ pre-pared from L $i_2$C $O_3$, NiO, and $Co_3$ $O_4$ exhibited the $alpha$-NaFe $O_2$ structure of the rhombohedral system (space group; R3m). As the Co content increased, the lattice parameters a and c decreased. The reason is that the radius of Co ion is smaller than that of Ni ion. The increase in da shows that two-dimensional structure develops better as the Co content increases. The LiN $i_{0.7}$ $Co_{03}$. $O_2$[HOO(800,0.3)] synthesized at 80$0^{circ}C$from LiOH, NiO, and $Co_3$ $O_4$ exhibited the largest first discharge capacity 162 mAh/g. The size of particles increases roughly as the valve of y increases. The samples with the larger particles have the larger first discharge capacities. The cycling performances of the samples with the first discharge capacity larger than 150 mAh/g were investigated. The LiN $i_{0.9}$ $Co_{0.1}$ $O_2$[COO(850,0.1)] synthesized at 85$0^{circ}C$ from L $i_2$C $O_3$, NiO, and $Co_3$ $O_4$ showed an excellent cycling performance. The sample with the larger first discharge capacity will be under the more severe lattice destruction, due to the expansion and contraction of the lattice during intercalation and deintercalation, than the sample with the smaller first discharge capacity. As the first discharge capacity increases, the capacity fading rate thus increases.increases.s.s.s.
Key words: ${LiNi_{1-y}}{Co_y}{O_2}$, Solid-state reaction method, Various starting materials, The $1^{st}$ discharge capacity, Cycling performance, Lattice destruction
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