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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 36(11); 1999 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1999;36(11): 1189.
실리카 에어로겔의 상압합성 및 특성연구(II)
권영근, 최세영, 강신규1
연세대학교 세라믹공학과
Synthesis of Silica Aerogel at Ambient Pressure and Characterization (II)
Low-density silica gel monolith was synthesized at ambient pressure by surface modification with TMCS and sub-sequent heat treatment. The mechanical thermal and optical properties of gel were studied. Compressive strength and modulus of compression of 350$^{circ}C$-heated gel with the density of 0.24g/cm3 were 250kPa and 0.2MPa respectively. The thermal conductivity of silica gels synthesized at ambient pressure exhibited 0.02 W/m$.$K for the density of 0.24g/cm3 which is similar to that of the gel via supercritical drying and their main thermal transfer mechanism is considered to be solid and radiation conduction at room temperature. Ambient-dried silica gels were transparent blue showing about 60% of transmittance in the wavelength of 1500-2100nm and typical absorption bands of existing bonds under heat treatment at 350$^{circ}C$. Medium scale monolity(${Phi}$=50mm) at ambient pressure could be successfully prepared through total 5-month process period.
Key words: Silica gel, Modification, Ambient pressure, Mechanical & Thermal properties, Medium scale monolith
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