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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 35(9); 1998 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1998;35(9): 905.
PbO 첨가에 따른 (65)Pb(Mg$_{1/3}$Nb{2/3})O$_3$-(35)PbTiO$_3$ 세라믹스에서 비정상 입성상
이호용, H1
선문대학교 재료금속공학부
1미국 Lehigh 대학교
Abnormal Grain Growth Induced by Excess PbO in ((65)Pb(Mg$_{1/3}$Nb{2/3})O$_3$-(35)PbTiO$_3$ Ceramics
ABSTRACT
The effect of excess PbO(0, 3, and 8mol%) on grain growth of relaxor ferroelectric (65)Pb{{{{ { { Mg}_{1/3 }Nb }_{2/3 } {O }_{3 } }}-(35){{{{ { PbTiO}_{3 } }} (mol%) ceramics has been investigated. When the (65)Pb{{{{ { { Mg}_{1/3 }Nb }_{2/3 } {O }_{3 } }}-(35){{{{ { PbTiO}_{3 } }} samples containing excess PbO(3 and 8 mol%) were sintered at 120$0^{circ}C$ with atmospheric powder (lead zirconate) abnormal grain growth occurred. After the sintering for 120 h the abnormal grains grew up to about 1 mm and covered almost all of the sample surface especially in the sample with excess 3 mol% PbO. The number of abnormally grown grains per unit area was higher in the sample with excess 3 mol% PbO but their size was bigger in the sample with excess 8mol% PbO. In the samples without excess PbO however the ab-normally grown grains were not observed. The abnormal grain growth int he sample with excess PbO was explained to result from the change of interface characteristics from rough interface to smooth interface by addition of excess PbO
Key words: (65)Pb(Mg$_{1/3}$Nb{2/3})O$_3$-(35)PbTiO$_3$, Excess PbO, Abnormal grain growth
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