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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 34(2); 1997 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1997;34(2): 145.
X-선회절과 Raman 분광분석을 이용한 2성분계(CaO-, $Y_2O_3$-, MgO-$ZrO_2$) 및 3성분계(MgO-$ZrO_2-Al_2O_3)$ Zirconia의 상전이연구
은희태, 황진명
인하대학교 무기재료공학과, 소재연구소
Phase Transformation of 2 Components(CaO-, $Y_2O_3$-, MgO-$ZrO_2$) and 3 Components(MgO-$ZrO_2-Al_2O_3)$ Zirconia by X-ray Diffraction and Raman Spectroscopy
ZrO2 phase transformations depending on the type and amount of dopants and the sintering temperatures were studied for the 2 components (CaO-, Y2O3-, MgO-ZrO2) and the 3 components(MgO-ZrO2-Al2O3)ZrO2 powder by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. In the CaO- and Y2O3-ZrO2 systems, as the CaO and Y2O3 contents increased to 6~15mol% and 3~15mol% respectively, we were not able to identify between tetragonal and cubic in the X-ray diffraction patterns. On the other hand, all Raman modes shifted to lower wavenumbers, decreasing in intensity and the number of bands, markedly. These phenomena were caused by tetragonallongrightarrowcubic phase transformation and interpreted by the breakdown of the wave vector selection rule(k=0) and the structural disorder associated with the formation of oxygen sublattice which was caused by the substitution between Zr4+ ion and Ca2+ or Y3+ ion in ZrO2 matrix. The monoclinic to cubic phase transformation occurred in 10mol% MgO-ZrO2 system. As the Al2O3 content increased from 0 to 20mol% in the MgO-ZrO2-Al2O3 systems, cubic phase transformed to monoclinic phase, this is because the MgO didn't play a role in a stabilizer because of the formation of the spinel(MgAl2O4) by the reaction between MgO and Al2O3, Also, the ZrO2 phase transformation was explained by the change of it's lattice parameters depending on the type and amount of dopants. Namely, as the amount of dopant increased to 10~13mol%, the axial ra-tio c/a came close to unity with increasing the lattice parameter a and decreasing the lattice parameter c. At that time, the tetragonallongrightarrowcubic phase transformation occurred.
Key words: Sol-Gel, $ZrO_2$, Phase Transformation, X-ray Diffraction, Raman Spectroscopy
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