J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 33(1); 1996 > Article
 Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1996;33(1): 56.
 $BaTiO_3$의 강유전성 분역 박봉모, 정수진 서울대학교 무기재료공학과 Ferroelectric Domans in $BaTiO_3$ ABSTRACT A large amount of papers about the cubic-to-tetragonal phase transition the ferroelectric domain structures of the BaTiO3 were already reported but there exist still some needs to observe the domain behaviors directly. In this study the domain structures of the tinned plates prepared from ta single crystal grown by the TSSG technique were observed using a polarizing microscope TE and X-ray topography. The spatial relation be-tween the orientation states of domains was investigated and the effects of external stresses and electric fields on the behaviors of ferroelectric and ferroelastic domains were studied. All the 90$^{circ}$walls cut off in the crystal are the wedge shaped lamellar domains and all the straight boundaries in the observed domain patte군 can be interpreted as the head-to-tail 90$^{circ}$walls. The irregular overlapped boundaries commonly observed by using a polarizing microscope and X-ray topography are complex combinations of well-known 90$^{circ}$walls and are domain walls were predominant and were stabilized after surface polishing. In the paraelectric phase region the domain walls vanished but the residual surface strain patterns could be seen at the same positions of the stabilized 90$^{circ}$a-a walls in the tetragonal phase region, These stabilized walls resulted from the surface strain had a memory effect in domain formation during the repeated phase transitions and could notr be affected by an external electtric field. Key words: Barium titanate single crystal, ferroelectric domains, Banded structure, Wedge shaped lamellar domains, Memore effect
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