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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 31(10); 1994 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1994;31(10): 1147.
졸-겔법에 의한 $MgO-ZrO_2$ 섬유의 제조와 특성
황진명, 은희태
인하대학교 무기재료공학과
Preparation of $MgO-ZrO_2$ Fibers by Sol-Gel Method and Their Characterization
From Zr(O-nC3H7)4-H2O-C2H5OH-HNO3 starting solutions, MgO-doped stabilized zirconia fibers with varying content of MgO (10~18 mol%) from different MgO sources were fabricated by sol-gel method. The MgO sources used are magnesium nitrate hexahydrate, magnesium acetate tetrahydrate, and magnesium ethylate. The phase transformation studies of a drawn MgO-ZrO2 fiber were carried out using X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The microstructure, tensile strength, and microporosity of fibers were investigated using SEM, tensile strength test, and microporosimeter. Although various MgO sources such as magnesium nitrate, acetate, and ethylate were used, the crystallization behavior of MgO-ZrO2 fibers at different temperatures could be summarized as follows: CubiclongrightarrowMetastable TetragonallongrightarrowMonocliniclongrightarrowCoexistence of Monoclinic and CubiclongrightarrowCubic(trace of monoclinic). At 150$0^{circ}C$, the phase transformation of MgO-ZrO2 fibers shows the following change depending on the amount of MgO[Mg(NO3)2.6H2O]: At 10 mol%, both monoclinic and cubic phase coexist, at 12 mol%, monoclinic phase decreases rapidly, and then at 14 mol%, only cubic phase remains. When the MgO-ZrO2 fibers containing 12 mol% magnesium nitrate were heated at 80$0^{circ}C$ for 1hr, average tensile strength of fibers is 4.0 GPa at diameters of 20 to 30 ${mu}{textrm}{m}$. As the heat-treatment temperatures increase to 100$0^{circ}C$ for 1 hr, tensile strength of MgO-ZrO2 fibers decreases rapidly to 0.7 GPa.
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