J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 28(12); 1991 > Article
 Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1991;28(12): 961.
 하동 카올린으로부터 제조한 $beta$-Sialon 분체의 표면특성 임헌진, 이홍림 연세대학교 요업공학과 Surface Characterization of $beta$-Sialon Powder Prepared from Hadong Kaolin ABSTRACT The nature and composition of the surfaces of silicon nitride and β-Sialon powders were investigated using high voltage and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). β-Sialon powder was produced from Hadong kaolin by the carbothermic reduction and simultaneous nitridation. XPS showed that Al was contained in the surface of β-Sialon powder besides Si, N and O components, which is different from that of silicon nitride. It was supposed that Al in the surface of β-Sialon was bonded with oxygen from the oxygen-nitrogen ratio and the measurement of Al 2p binding energies. After both silicon nitride and β-Sialon powders were oxidized at 800℃ for 24h in air, nitrogen didn't exist in the surfaces and the depth of the oxide layer increased. The measurement of Si 2p binding energies showed that the chemical shifts occurred from Si3N2O and/or Si2N2O to SiO2 phase.
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