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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 18(1); 1981 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1981;18(1): 27.
산화리튬의 치환에 따른 붕규산 유리의 분상에 관한 연구
경희대학교 화공과
The Phase Separation of Low Alkali Borosilicate Glass by Substituting $Li_2O$ for $Na_2O$
The phase separation of low-alkali borosilicate glass with the composition of $6.25Na_2O$.$18.75B_2O_3$.$75.00SiO_2$(mole%) substituting $Li_2O$ for $Na_2O$ was studied. The phase separation in the temperature range of transformation was examined with various heating temperatures and soaking times. Durability to water, thermal expansion and specific density of the specimen were investigated and the microstructure of the separated phase was also observed by transmission electron micrograph techniques. The maximum alkali extraction result with the best phase separation effect was obtained when $Na_2O$ of the base glass was replaced with $1.88Li_2O$ (mole %) and electron micrograph of carbon film replica of $1.88Li_2O$$4.37Na_2O$.$18.75B_2O_3$.$75.00SiO_2$ (mole %) glass showed that the glass consisted of homogeneous two phases. The minimum specific density was shown with the specimen treated at 57$0^{circ}C$ and it was also shown that the longer the treating time the lower the specific density. The apparent activation energies of approximately 45 kcal/mole by the alkali extraction and 43kcal/mole by the thermal expansion method were derived from the Arrhenius plots, respectively.
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