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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 13(1); 1976 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1976;13(1): 30.
결정화 유리에 관한 연구 저 Li$_2$O 유리에 관하여
박용완, 이종근, 고영신, 김정은
한양대학교 공과대학
Studies on the Crystallizing Glass on Low Li$_2$ O Glass
In general the chemical composition of glass ceramics in Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 system is similar to the composition of $beta$-spodumene (Li2O-Al2O3-4SiO2). With the object to manufacture the glass ceramics which can be produced in the domestic pot the composition of glass was so settled at 1.0 Li2O.0.9Al2O3.6.0SiO2 in order to reduce the contents of Li2O, to prevent the corrosion of the pot and to decrease the cost of raw materials. 0.2 mole and 0.1 mole of the mixture of TiO2 and ZrO2 as nucleants were added to the basic composition of 1.0 Li2O-0.9Al2O3-6.0SiO2. Each sample was divided into two kinds with a TiO2/ZrO2 ratio of 2 to 1 and the other with a TiO2/ZrO2 ratio fo 1 to 1. Thermal expansion coefficient, the most important property of glass ceramics, was tested. The softening point and the melting point of the samples were observed by the use of a heating microscope. The results obtained were as follows. The manufacturing of glass ceramics seems to be possible in the industrial plant using the domestic pot. 1) The composition of the glass which can be melted in the domestic pot process was near 1.0 Li2O.0.9Al2O3.6.0SiO2. 2) The temperature range of crystal creation and crystal growth was between 850-94$0^{circ}C$, and 5 hours holding the samples at the temperature range was enough to crystallize them. The major crystal was $beta$-spdumene and there existed petalite partialy. 3) The thermal expansion coefficient fo the crystallized glass was negative. 4) The deforming point of the crystallized glass was 1435$^{circ}C$.
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